Auction 13 Eretz Israel, settlement, anti-Semitism, Holocaust, postcards and photographs, Judaica, Rabbinical Letters
Oct 18, 2021
Abraham Ferrera 1 , Jerusalem, Israel

The auction will take place on Monday, October 18nd, 2021 at 19:00 (Israel time).
The auction has ended

LOT 74:

An important collection of photographs from the Nuremberg trials - photographs of the Nazi war criminals in court

Sold for: $360
Start price:
$ 300
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An important collection of photographs from the Nuremberg trials - photographs of the Nazi war criminals in court

An important collection of 10 large press photographs from the courtroom in the "main trial" of the Nazi war criminals convicted at the Nuremberg trials. As well as profile photographs of the heads of the Nazi government directly responsible for the Holocaust of the Jews of Europe. The photographs were taken during the trial between November 20, 1945 and October 1, 1946. Most of the photographs are depicted and dated on the back on sticky pieces of paper of the photographic agencies that photographed them.

Among the war criminals whose photographs appear:

* Herman Wilhelm Gering, one of the leaders of the regime of Adolf Hitler, commander of the Luftwaffe and the Ministry of Aviation. Goering is considered the direct responsible after Hitler to the Holocaust and the persecution of Jews in the Nazi regime. in the Nuremberg trials he was sentenced to death, but committed suicide in his cell by swallowing a cyanide capsule before the sentence was carried out.

* Photographs showing Wilhelm Keitel, General-Feldmarshal and a German war criminal, and from 1938 the head of the OKW. Accused of conspiracy to commit crimes against peace, planning, initiating and carrying out aggressive war, war crimes and crimes against humanity. In his defense, he claimed that he "complied the orders of his superiors." This defense was not accepted, and he was found guilty on all counts and sentenced to death by hanging. His request to be executed by a firing squad was denied and he was hanged in Nuremberg on October 16, 1946.

* Hjalmar Schacht - Minister of Economy in Germany during the rule of the Nazi Party from 1935-1937. Throughout the trial he claimed to be innocent, and not only did not prepare for the war, but even acted to prevent it. Finally acquitted of the charges, in the votes of the British and French judges against the position of the American and Russian judges. But immediately after his release he was arrested again and brought before a German tribunal for de-Nazification. This time he was found guilty, and sentenced to nine years in prison with hard labor. He was released in early September 1948.

* Photographs showing Rudolf Hess in court, as well as a portrait photograph of him. Hess was the personal secretary of Adolf Hitler and then his deputy. Was in the rank of Reichsleiter and is considered one of the top figures in the hierarchy of the Nazi party. In court he suffered from a lack of orientation and claimed to have suffered from amnesia. In moments of clarity of mind, he continued to support Hitler and his motives, before the judges he expressed no aversion to the final solution. Despite his mental condition he was sent to life imprisonment in the Schpandau prison in Berlin. The Soviet authorities prevented any possibility of early release. On August 17, 1987, at the age of 93, Hess was found dead in his cell hanging from his neck.

* Baldur von Schirach, one of the leaders of the Nazi regime in Germany, the leader of the Hitler Youth, and the head of the Vienna district. He was convicted at the Nuremberg trials as a war criminal on three counts. In his trial he expressed remorse, and condemned Hitler and Nazism. He tried to show that he protested to Martin Borman about the extermination of the Jews, although he admitted that from a young age he was a jealous anti-Semite, following the reading of Henry Ford's book "The International Jew". He was found guilty of "conspiracy to wage an aggressive war in violation of international agreements" and "crimes against humanity", and was sentenced to twenty years in prison at the Pandau prison in Berlin.

* Walther Funk, one of the leaders of the Nazi regime in Germany. Accused of crimes against peace, planning, initiating and waging aggressive war, war crimes and crimes against humanity. He was found guilty on all counts (except the first) and sentenced to life in prison. He was held in Spandau Prison in Berlin until 1957, when he was released due to ill health. Died three years later.

* Also appearing: a joint photograph showing the convicted Nazi war criminals receiving a ration of food in court, an exterior photograph of Spandau Prison where the Nazi war criminals were imprisoned during the trial, and some of whom served their sentences (seven of the defendants, of whom only four served their full sentences : Rudolf Hess, Albert Sheffer, Baldur von Schirach and Karl Denitz), and others.

Six photographs in size 24x19 cm. Four photographs in average size: 14x11 cm.  general condition good.