Auction 2 Eretz Israel, settlement, anti-Semitism, Holocaust and She'erit Ha-Pleita, postcards and photographs, letters by rabbis and rebbes, Judaica, and more
Tuesday, 30.7.19 (Your local time)
Israel
 Am Ve Olamo 3. beit harel, 4th floor, Jerusalem

The auction will take place on Tuesday, june 30, 2019 at 18:00 (Israel time).

The auction has ended

LOT 14:

Non-Traditional Haggadah - Degania Bet - From the early Kibbutz Haggadot

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Sold for: $1,300
Start price:
$ 600
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Non-traditional Haggadah, Kibbutz Degania Bet. Stencil printing if illustrations. Early kibbutz Haggadah.


According to Degania Archivist, Mr. Shlomo Cooper, referring to the Haggadah in the kibbutz archive, it is written in pencil on the details of 1930: "In the early 1930s, "The Passover seder, according to the testimony of the veterans of the place who remained with us, and it is possible that the member who wrote the date on the Haggadah '1930' meant that this was how they arranged the seder. But the Haggadah was printed later. In the early years, the seder was apparently arranged according to  handwritten Haggadah'. According to testimony received from one of the veterans of Ein Harod, in 1930 the first Haggadah was also written there, but no of it copy was found.

The Historian Muki Tzur reviewing the development of the kibbutz Haggadah in Degania B writes: "In any event, we will not be far from the truth if we assume that the first Haggadah in the movement is reflected in an unequivocal intention to place on the table a seder that speaks to the hearts of kibbutz members and suits their approach" [To a New Land You Pass the Kibbutz Haggadah and its History Edited by Zvi Shua,Shitim Publishing 2011 p. 95]. 

The Haggadah before us is identical in form and content to that spoken Haggadah, which is located in the archives of Degania B, which is written in pencil '1930'. The opening passage of the Haggadah is an original passage that appears only in this Haggadah and did not reappear in the kibbutz Haggadot that were printed over the following years: " On this night, the night of the holiday, the holiday of freedom and the spring, we all gathered together, our children and our friends - the whole family, the entire community, the whole group .' It is also added to the passage :'The whole night we children do not eat with you together, this night we all sit together ',The rest of the original passages have already appeared in the Haggadot that were printed afterwards: "Remember this day ... domem shita teyva ktana ... We will be blessed ... The vine ... and the redemption of our souls ... I am ready and willing to observe the mitzva of the first cup of four cups ... Halahma hania ... yete vyifsach ... Kumu Toui midbar ... am shomer...' and more.

Another proof of the primacy of the Haggadah can be seen in a number of places of editing corrections that were handwritten in the corners of the Words or in the upper part, without the publisher's effort to insert them in the same square format of the original Haggadah letters. Thus, for example, on page 8: 'sheteamer yetziat mizrayim'', the word 'mizrayim' appears in small handwritten letters above the word 'yetziat'.
In addition the end of the passage that opens with the words 'am shomer thousands of years', a handwritten line was added (printed): 'האמנתי כי אדבר אני עניתי מאד וכ etc.'
In the later versions, the corrections are already part of the text body.

The Haggadah contains quite a few passages from the traditional Haggadah because the first members of Degania during the Second Aliyah, at least in part, were still observant in one way or another. According to Tzur's article there, if it is indeed correct that the Haggadah Degania B is the first Haggadah in the Kibbutz Movement, this is the first Haggadah in which the verses of the Song of Songs were heard on Passover eve.

Degania B was founded in 1920, near Degania A in the Jordan Valley. It was established by immigrants from the Third Aliyah and several members of Degania A who eventually retired and joined the Nahalal track. A second group of young people from the Second Aliyah arrived in Kibbutz Degania Bet, including Levi Eshkol, who later became the Prime Minister of Israel, to which a group of immigrants from the Third Aliyah came from the city of Bobruisk. At the time of their arrival in the Jordan Valley, the third group of Degania III still lived there, but these were transferred to the Jezreel Valley and formed the Ginegar group. In the 1930s, groups of the Gordonia youth movement arrived in Degania. The census in 1931 counted 136 residents and counted 39 houses.

On Steiner list The first Haggadah that appears on Kibbutz Degania B is dated to 1939. apparently did not see the Haggadah before us. In the National Library the first Haggadah from this kibbutz is from 1937.
Before us is one of the early kibbutz Haggadot, probably printed in the mid-1930s.

39 leaves, printed on one side. A slight tear to the upper part of the spine. Very fine condition.



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