Auction 12 Important collection, Eretz Israel, settlement, anti-Semitism, Holocaust and She'erit Ha-Pleita, postcards and photographs, Judaica - Books, Chabad, Rabbinical Letters
Aug 2, 2021
Abraham Ferrera 1 , Jerusalem, Israel

The auction will take place on Monday, August 2nd, 2021 at 19:00 (Israel time).
The auction has ended

LOT 33:

A large collection of issues of the Hungarian antisemitic newspaper "herko-pater" - late 19th century

Sold for: $420
Start price:
$ 200
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A large collection of issues of the Hungarian antisemitic newspaper "herko-pater" - late 19th century

A large collection of 47 issues of the rare Hungarian antisemitic weekly "herko-pater". Budapest 1895-1896. From the rarest early antisemitic publications known to us today.

* Issue No. 52 of 1895 (the last issue of 1895 which was published on December 28).

* 46 issues of 1896 (from January 5 to December 27). Sheets: 2-27, 30-46, 50-51.

The weekly which is published every Sunday edited by Julius Markus focused on presenting the stereotypical figure of the Jew in a ridiculous and blatant way. On the cover of each issue appears a large antisemitic cartoon mocking Eastern European Jews, and hateful words about his attempt to take over the Hungarian centers of power and rule. In some of them the middle of the issue was devoted to a large antisemitic cartoon across the two middle pages.
The new Hungarian kingdom founded in 1867 first enacted the Emancipation Law, which gives Jews equal rights like all citizens of the country. In 1895 further progress was made and even the Jewish religion was recognized as one of the religions in the country, and gained equal status with the Catholic religion and the Protestant religion. As a result, the proportion of Jews among the leaders in economic, commercial, legal, and cultural life rose rapidly toward the end of the 19th century. While their share of the general population was about four percent, about half of the merchants, doctors and lawyers were Jews. As a result, a widespread antisemitic awakening began, led by MP Victor Ishtuzi. Against this background, the weekly before us was published. The purpose of the issues was to highlight the different and to emphasize the inferiority of the 'undeveloped' Eastern European Jew in the face of Hungarian 'contemporary' society, in order to fight the recognition that the Jews received in terms of consciousness.
In the various issues, countless cartoons appear in the form of the backward Eastern European Jew, and his attempts to take over Hungarian society. In many of the issues, the Jew appears in the form of various animals, and thus the issue preceded Nazi anti-Semitism, which made extensive use of this image. It was one of the first issues that so exaggerated the image of the Jew. Many cartoons depict the Jew leading as a horse or donkey the members of the Hungarian parliament who advocated granting full equality of rights to Jews, in order to highlight the claim that the Jews themselves caused tortuous ways of granting the equality they received. In various cartoons, animals are seen grabbing the Jews in their clothes and leading them out of the territories of Hungary. Likewise in the issues are all articles, poems, folk tales, and harsh antisemitic columns dealing with the Jewish character in a racial way and the danger it poses to Hungarian society.

Due to the rarity of the issues, although they contain countless antisemitic cartoons, there is almost no mention of this weekly in the extensive literature dealing with the study of the phenomenon of antisemitism in the 19th century, nor an analysis of the many cartoons that appeared in it. No mention at all in "Die Juden in der Karikatur" which was published in 1921.

[47] bound sheets. Some pages are disconnected. Other than that good condition.