Subasta 92 Fine Judaica: Rare Printed Books, Manuscripts, Autograph Letters & Graphic Arts
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<<(Igla / Uhlya, Hungary).>> Pinkas D’Chevra Kadisha [Community memorial ...

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<<(Igla / Uhlya, Hungary).>> Pinkas D’Chevra Kadisha [Community memorial volume].

Manuscript written in Hebrew and Yiddish, square calligraphic and cursive hands on paper.
pp 285. Original calf with ornate gilt-tooling (with stamp of stationary shop in Eperies (Prešov)), rubbed. Large folio.
Uglya (now Ukraine): 1874-1933

Located 25 miles east of Chust in Transcarpathia, Eygla, contained a small Jewish settlement since the 18th century. By 1830 there were approximately 70 Jews, and a mikvah and synagogue was built. The town was populated by Chassidim including those associated with Spinka, Dolina, Vizhnitz and Sighet. The town’s rabbi from 1860 was R. Naftali Sofer (d. 1899), a student of the Chasam Sofer, and author of Gvul Bnei Naftali, and Yalkut Beth Ephraim. See The introductory section of this Pinkas are five pages of takanot (or statuten, in the daytshmerish heading). These are subdivided into three categories. The first deals with the purpose of the chevra, the second with selecting leadership, and the third with the work of the chevra. The purpose is given as three-fold: To care for the sick, to bury the dead, and to memorialize the dead. Following this are pages with entries of names. The first fifty or so entries are written in a large calligraphic manner with flourishes and delicate ornamentation. After this the flourishes disappear, but the entries then are dated according to the dates these individuals were accepted as members. The dates begin in 5634 (1874) and continue through to 5693 (1933). When the pages in this very large book ran out, it returned to the beginning of the section of entries and added a second entry to each page. So, for example, the first entry, written some time in the 1870s, has a second entry on the page that is dated 5683 (1923). Each of these entries are numbered, so there are 352 names in all. In some cases an entry is accompanied by the Hungarian name of the individual written neatly in pencil. The entries which bear dates are invariably 7 Adar, a traditional date for the annual banquet of chevra kadishas, in which new members were accepted, and the appointment of officers took place.