Auction 99 Auction of Fine Judaica
By Kestenbaum & Company
Sep 12, 2022
The Brooklyn Navy Yard Building 77, 141 Flushing Avenue Brooklyn, NY 11205, United States

הודעה חשובה: הקטלוג המוצג בעברית איננו תרגום מדויק של הקטלוג באנגלית, אלא ׳ראשי פרקים׳, ועלול לחסר מידע על הפריטים, במיוחד על מצבם. לא ניתן להחזיר פריט לאחר הרכישה עקב תיאור עברי שחיסר מידע שמוצע באנגלית - על כל מציע לעיין בקטלוג באנגלית לפני ההצעה. 
The auction has ended

LOT 49:


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Start price:
$ 500
Estimated price :
$1,000 - $1,500
Buyer's Premium: 25%
sales tax: 8.875% On the full lot's price and commission


закон за извънбрачните деца и за осиновяването. приложение. закон за защита на нацията и правилника за приложението му [“The Law for the Protection of the Nation.”]

Text entirely in Bulgarian. pp. 111. Original printed wrappers. 12mo. Not listed in WorldCat.

Sofia, 1941.

    The Law for Protection of the Nation was an anti-Jewish racial law passed by the parliament of the Kingdom of Bulgaria in December 1940 following the example of the Nuremberg Laws in Nazi Germany. Measures for the definition, identification, segregation, and economic and social marginalization of Jews were set out. The definition of "persons of Jewish origin" (licata ot evrejski proizhod) was of both racial and religious character.


    Jews were forbidden to have names ending in the suffixes typical of Bulgarian patronymic names: -ov,  -v, or –ič. Jews were to be segregated from non-Jews in various ways. Mixed marriages were banned and Jews were forbidden to employ Bulgarian household staff. Jews were required within one month of the Law's taking effect to declare all their real estate and other property to the Bulgarian Central Bank.

    The Law provi ded for the introduction of quotas limiting the numbers of Jews allowed in such professions as publishing, banking, the arms trade, credit firms, the pharmaceutical and medical sectors and the arts The Law also removed the right of Jews to hold any elected office or position in the civil service.

    Jews who converted to Christianity prior to 1st September 1940 were exempted from discriminatory classification, as were those whose had married a person "of Bulgarian descent" before that date and who had subsequently converted before the law's enactment.  Likewise, military war orphans and veterans (volunteers, not conscripts) who had been disabled or awarded medals or honors were also exempt. Distinctions of this kind were increasingly overlooked later in WWII.

    Foreign Jews were forbidden to claim Bulgarian citizenship by naturalization, a measure that was directed at recently-arrived Central European Jewish refugees.

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